Viewing posts for the category Posts in English

England’s first Empire?

A discussion between: Anne Curry (AC), Simon Harris (SH), Philip Morgan (PM) and Guilhem Pépin (GP), August 2015


AC: So Guilhem, perhaps you could kick off by saying what you think about the underlying hypothesis in this project: ‘Was this England’s first empire’? Having worked on the rolls, what do you think?


GP: If we understand empire as a collection of different lands, of different cultures and languages, then yes, it was an empire. But after all ...

Appeals to the King in the Period of the Principality of Aquitaine.

By Simon Harris


The problems of appealing legal cases in Aquitaine has received a considerable amount of attention from historians. During the reigns of Edward I and II, the kings struggled to prevent their authority being deliberately undermined by appeals out of their jurisdiction. After the assumption of the crown of France by Edward III, the problem changed. The situation was more dramatically transformed by the treaty of Brétigny which granted an enlarged duchy of Aquitaine to Edward III ...

Cases of treason (lèse majesté) in the Gascon rolls

Guilhem Pépin (GP) in conversation with Anne Curry (AC), August 2015


GP: I have found in the Gascon Rolls several legal cases of the late 14th century and of the first half of the 15th century. Particularly interesting are the cases of lèse-majesté. The most famous is the case and the trial of Guilhem-Sans IV de Pommiers, vicomte of Fronsac, a major fortress near Bordeaux. This trial took place at Bordeaux before the Seneschal of Aquitaine, ...

Trials in England noted in the Gascon rolls

Guilhem Pépin (GP) in discussion with Anne Curry (AC), Simon Harris (SH) and Philip Morgan (PM), August 2015

GP: Among the trials taking place in England mentioned in the Gascon Rolls the most interesting example is the trial at Westminster, opposing Augerot de Saint-Pée against and James Hersage because the latter had obtained for life the lordship of Gamarde in 1438.  Augerot de Saint-Pée was a Basque noble from Labourd and represented there two Gascon lords ...

A tale of two Thomases: Thomas Felton, seneschal of Aquitaine, and Thomas Hoccleve, clerk of the privy seal office and poet .

By Philip Morgan

One of the frustrations of the project is the fact that we very rarely get the chance to see the documents behind the Gascon Rolls, so that what we have is an echo of the reality of life, both in the duchy and what’s going on at Westminster. That’s been one of the things that’s exercised me in the project. There seemed to me to be two cases, one very small, one a ...